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The Belgian government said Wednesday it will no longer provide shelter for single men seeking asylum, arguing its insufficient reception capacity should prioritize families, women and children. Europe’s foremost human rights organization and aid groups condemned the move as reneging on international commitments.
Belgium has long come under criticism for failing to provide enough shelter to the thousands of people who are seeking protection from persecution back home. Long lines of tents along streets outside the main processing center in Brussels have become a stain on Belgium’s reputation.
On Wednesday, Asylum State Secretary Nicole de Moor said increasing pressure on asylum housing was expected over the coming months and she wanted “absolutely to avoid children ending up in the streets this winter.” Instead, single men will have to fend for themselves.
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According to the EU Agency for Asylum, male applicants last year accounted for 71% of asylum claims.
Belgium’s move was met with criticism from human rights organizations, with the 46-nation Council of Europe, the continent’s most important human rights group, taking the lead.
Contacted by The Associated Press, the CoE’s Human Rights Commissioner Dunja Mijatović said that “the lack of accommodation has serious consequences for the human rights of people applying for asylum in Belgium, including from the perspective of their right to health.”
Men organize their belongings at a makeshift tent camp in Brussels on Jan. 17, 2023. The Belgian government said Wednesday that it plans to impose a ban on providing shelter for single men seeking asylum. (AP Photo/Olivier Matthys, File)
Last December, she urged Belgian authorities to provide better assistance to asylum-seekers after hundreds of people slept on Brussels streets in freezing temperatures, scenes that went on through much of the winter.
“I reiterate my call to the authorities to implement swift measures and durable solutions to address structural shortcomings in the asylum system in Belgium and ensure that accommodation is available for all those seeking international protection, including single men,” she said.
Others were more scathing.
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“We thought we’d seen it all, but no. The Belgian government isn’t just sitting on human rights, it’s burying them by ‘suspending’ the reception of single male asylum-seekers,” said Philippe Hensmans, director of Amnesty International Belgium.
De Moor complained that the influx of asylum-seekers over the past two years in the nation of 11.5 million had filled shelters almost to their capacity of 33,500. Last year, Belgium had nearly 37,000 applications for protection, the federal agency Fedasil said.
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On top of the asylum-seekers, Belgium is also giving help to some 62,000 Ukrainian refugees who fled Russia’s war in their country.
Last year alone, labor courts convicted Fedasil over 5,000 times for failing to provide proper shelter.
Still, said de Moor, “our country has already done more than its share for a long time,” and she called on some other EU nations to increase their effort instead.