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India has cut the taxes paid by consumers on petrol and diesel after the surging cost of crude oil pushed fuel prices to record highs.
The move is aimed to ease price rises and "further spur the overall economic cycle", the government said.
Global commodity prices have soared this year as economies around the world recover from the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
The announcement was made ahead of Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights.
India's excise duty on petrol has been reduced by 5 rupees (£0.049; $0.0671) per litre, and by 10 rupees on diesel.
"The reduction in excise duty on petrol and diesel will also boost consumption and keep inflation low, thus helping the poor and middle classes," the government statement said.
The announcement came on the eve of the Hindu festival of Diwali, which sees the start of a busy festive season in India, typically marked by increased consumer spending.
The tax cut is also likely to help ease the pressure on manufacturers and farmers, who have seen their overheads pushed up by rising fuel costs.
Global oil prices have jumped this year, which has hit India hard as it typically imports around 85% of the oil it consumes. This has helped push up petrol and diesel prices to record levels.
Reducing diesel prices has been one of the key demands from the country's farmers, who for more than a year have held a series of major protests.
The government statement said that cutting the tax on diesel "will come as a boost to the farmers during the upcoming Rabi season".
Rabi crops – such as wheat, barley and mustard – are typically sown after the monsoon season in mid-November.
However, the tax cuts are also expected to boost the demand for petrol and diesel even as global leaders, including Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, have been gathering for the COP26. climate change conference to tackle the global economy's reliance on fossil fuels.
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