Image source, EPA

Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen is giving evidence to UK politicians amid fresh revelations about the company's inner workings.

Ms Haugen is before the committee fine-tuning the UK's proposed Online Safety Bill, which will put new rules in place for big social networks.

It comes as several news outlets published fresh stories based on her thousands of leaked documents.

Facebook, meanwhile, has characterised previous reporting as misleading.

Ms Haugen left Facebook earlier this year, but took thousands of documents when she did so, providing them to the Wall Street Journal.

That paper then ran a series of articles which Facebook considered to be negative – and, it contends, mischaracterised the source material.

But the allegations – that Facebook knew that Instagram was damaging to teenagers' mental health, for example – led to her being invited to testify to politicians and regulators around the world.

I’m looking forward to discussing the Online Safety Bill with the @OnlineSafetyCom in @UKParliament tomorrow 🇬🇧
Tune in ⬇️

— Frances Haugen (@FrancesHaugen) October 24, 2021
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.View original tweet on Twitter

Her appearance in London comes at a crucial time in the debate about tech regulation, as the Online Safety Committee considers additions and tweaks to the proposed new rules.

Proposed additions include whether online abuse of women and girls should become a legal offence.

The chair of the committee, MP Damian Collins, said it "will establish a new era of regulation for tech platforms which will make them accountable".

An avalanche of information is emerging today from leaked Facebook documents – and it's hard to keep up.

Allegations include that the social media giant is aware of its role in inciting violence all around the world,s or causing harm to its users from US and UK to India and Ethiopia.

A common theme runs through each of the stories. They all suggest a tension between employees raising the alarm about their concerns and a corporate machine that does not appear to be using this to inform its policies.

Reporters and journalists have been highlighting many of these same concerns, especially for the past 18 months. I've investigated the human cost of online disinformation and abuse again and again and exposed the damage being done to real people offline using these sites.

But until these documents were released by Frances Haugen it was very difficult to know how aware Facebook was of that damage.

These latest leaks reinforce the idea that they are conscious of it – although they refute a number of the claims.

And it means pressure is mounting on policy makers around the world to do something about it.

"The real question is around can we, as a public, change the incentives such that it makes more sense for Facebook to invest more money in safety on Instagram," Ms Haugen said in a BBC interview with Ian Russell, the father of 14-year-old Molly Russell, who killed herself after viewing disturbing content on Instagram.

This video can not be played

To play this video you need to enable JavaScript in your browser.Media caption, Watch: Campaigner Ian Russell meets Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen

"I'm sure that… the experience Molly had caused them to look at these questions more," she added.

But Ms Haugen said that much quicker progress is needed.

"Facebook's own research shows that a startlingly high fraction of [under-18s] exhibit what is known as problematic use [on Instagram]," she said.

Being unable to control their use of it is "kind of like cigarettes in that way," she added.

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"Unquestionably, Facebook could be investing more resources into making the platform safer," she said. "They have made a series of choices to prioritise profits over people.

"Right now there's no company in the world that has as much power as Facebook, and as little transparency."

Fresh revelations

Among the latest news stories based on the leaked documents are:

  • An NBC News report on a Facebook experiment that saw a new account inundated with the QAnon conspiracy theory within two days of following recommendations.
  • Revelations about how unhappy Facebook staff were following the 6 January Capitol riots, published by Bloomberg
  • A piece by CNN about Facebook's own analysis of 6 January, which reportedly found the organisation was unprepared for what happened
  • The impact of Facebook in India, where hate speech, violence and misinformation are an "amplified version" of the problem in the West, reported by the New York Times

Axios also reports that Facebook has internally warned its staff to expect "more bad headlines in the coming days".

Facebook has previously denied many of the stories released during the Wall Street Journal's initial reporting, referring to the documents at one point as "stolen".

But the company has also admitted that in many areas it has more to do – though it takes issue with what it says is misrepresentation or cherry-picking from the leaked documents.

It also points to its long-standing calls for reform of tech industry regulation – which would affect all major big tech firms, not just Facebook.