image sourceLithuania border guard serviceimage captionLithuania's border service released a video showing Belarusian officers armed with shields and riot gear
Lithuania has accused 12 Belarusian officers in riot gear of illegally entering its territory to push a group of migrants over the border.
Lithuania's border service said the Belarusians were repeatedly told they had violated the border during the tense incident on Tuesday.
But Belarus disputed this and accused Lithuanian guards of violence towards migrants.
EU ministers will meet later to discuss a recent migrant influx from Belarus.
More than 4,100 mostly Iraqi migrants have entered EU member Lithuania illegally from neighbouring Belarus so far this year.
The rise in illegal crossings started in June after the EU imposed sanctions on long-time Belarusian President President Alexander Lukashenko.
The sanctions came in response to the president's crackdown on protesters and the arrest of a dissident journalist on board a Ryanair flight that was forced to land in Minsk.
Lithuania and its allies have accused Belarus of flying in migrants from the Middle East to send across the border, in retaliation for EU sanctions. Belarus has denied this claim.
media captionMany of the migrants are now living in a camp in Verebiejai
Tuesday's incident on the border is the latest rupture in Lithuania-Belarus relations, which have soured considerably in recent months.
Lithuania's border service released a video of the incident, which showed 12 Belarusian officers armed with shields and riot gear standing in formation as migrants scrambled towards Lithuanian territory in a ditch below.
Later in the video, the Belarusians appear to enter the ditch which the Lithuanian border guards say marks the border.
Lithuania's interior ministry said 35 migrants had been "forcibly pushed" by the Belarusians.
Interior Minister Agnė Bilotaitė said Lithuanian border guards would step up patrols in response to the "provocation".
Earlier, Belarus's border service released its own video, which does not show the 12 officers in riot gear, nor the alleged crossing into Lithuanian territory.
image sourceDPK.GOV.BYimage captionLithuanian border guards were filmed pushing the migrants back as they tried to enter the country
In the video, Lithuanian border guards can be seen grappling with migrants, some of whom are pushed to the floor.
The Belarusian border service accused Lithuanian guards of deliberately ignoring "all requests for asylum".
Mr Lukashenko has repeatedly warned that Belarusian authorities will no longer stop an influx of illegal migrants from abroad to EU members.
On Tuesday Lithuanian border guard chief Rustamas Liubajevas said tensions remained high on the Belarus-Lithuania border, where Lithuania's parliament last week voted to build a fence.
In the meantime, dozens of arrivals have been turned away under Lithuania's controversial policy to push back migrants. But Mr Liubajevas said Belarus border guards were "actively pushing irregular migrants to the Lithuanian side".
In Poland, the government has sent more than 900 soldiers to reinforce its border with Belarus after the authorities noticed a big increase in migrant arrivals from Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.
Poland's Deputy Foreign Minister Pawel Jabloński said the situation was comparable to that faced by Lithuania.
"It does look like an organised action", he said.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has condemned President Lukashenko for using refugees to "undermine security" and put pressure on the EU.