Households face paying an extra £200 per year to fund greenhouse gas removal technology, as industries pass on the cost of measures needed to reach net zero, a government commission has said.

The National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) has recommended that the Government ramps up its support for greenhouse gas removal, which can suck carbon out of the air and reduce the UK’s contribution to climate change.

However, the measures are expensive, and costs should be borne by industries that cannot easily decarbonise, such as air travel and the farming sector, the body has said.

Those costs will then be passed on to consumers, which could result in a £200 bill per household per year by 2050.

Households that use air travel and eat more food would pay more towards the levy on industry, with lower income households paying £80 per year and higher income households paying £400. 

Household incomes are expected to rise by around £15,000 by 2050. 

How carbon capture and storage works

The Commission said greenhouse gas removal devices were vital in helping the UK reach net zero emissions by 2050.

The technology is carbon negative, because it does not contribute to emissions but removes carbon from the air by sucking carbon from the atmosphere. 

Carbon can also be captured by planting trees before burning them for bioenergy.

Coal has been steadily overtaken by renewable energy sources and natural gas

The NIC said the Government should commit to implementing the technology in the UK by 2030 in order to reach its 2050 goal.

Sir John Armitt, the head of the NIC, said: “Taking steps to clean our air is something we’re going to have to get used to, just as we already manage our wastewater and household refuse.

“While engineered removals will not be everyone’s favourite device in the toolkit, they are there for the hardest jobs.

“And in the overall project of mitigating our impact on the planet for the sake of generations to come, we need every tool we can find.”