For James Bond fans Yaphet Kotto will always be Dr Kananga (Image: Corbis via Getty Images)
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Over five decades he played everything from an FBI agent to space ship engineer.
But for James Bond fans Yaphet Kotto will always be Dr Kananga – Mr Big, the swaggering, corrupt Carribbean dictator in 1973 film Live And Let Die.
The actor, who was the first black Bond villain, died last week aged 81 after a long and varied career.
But what happened to other famous baddies from the 007 franchise?
Robert Shaw – Donald ‘Red’ Grant in From Russia With Love (1963)
Robert Shaw and Lotte Lenya in From Russia With Love
(Image: Everett Collection / Rex Features)
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Shaw played the SPECTRE assassin who appeared to have got the better of Bond – played by Sean Connery – after a dramatic fight on board the Orient Express.
A few years later Shaw, who trained at the Royal Shakespeare Company, was nominated for an Oscar for playing King Henry VII in A Man for All Seasons.
The Bolton-born actor then starred in two of the most popular movies of the 70s.
He played conned mobster Doyle Lonnigan in The Sting, and shark hunter Quint in Jaws, in which his famous monologue about surviving the sinking of the USS Indianapolis would go down as one of the greatest scenes in movie history.
Shaw, who was married three times and had ten children, went on to appear in eight other movies. But in August 1978 he died from a heart attack at the age of just 51 while out driving near his home in Ireland.
Harold Sakata – Oddjob in Goldfinger (1964)
Harold Sakata as Oddjob in Goldfinger
The film’s main villain may have been Auric Goldfinger but it was his henchman Oddjob who gave Bond the hardest time, killing by throwing his lethal, steel-brimmed bowler hat.
Bond producers chose Harold Sakata, a Hawaiian professional wrestler known as Tosh Togo, for the role of the mute murderer because of his heavy build and intimidating gaze. He had also won a silver weightlifting medal at the 1948 London Olympics.
After finding fame, the actor appeared in several other movies in the 1970s, in which he was credited as Harold ‘Oddjob’ Sakata. He also appeared as Oddjob in a series of TV commercials of Vicks cough syrup in which he gets a cough and demolishes everything around him.
Sakata, who lived in Hawaii, continued to make appearances as Oddjob right up until he died of liver cancer in July 1982, four weeks before his 62nd birthday.
Herve Villechaize – Nick Nack in The Man With The Golden Gun (1974)
Herve Villechaize as Nick Nack in The Man With The Golden Gun
(Image: Alamy Stock Photo)
He was the impish, conniving servant of first class assassin Francisco Scaramanga, who arranges hit men to try to kill his master on their private island in the South China Sea.
Born with dwarfism in Nazi-occupied Paris, Villechaize worked as an artist and painter after moving to New York aged 21. Bullied at school, he said he found solace in painting and, aged 16, was the youngest artist ever to have his work displayed at the Museum of Paris.
He began acting on Broadway, before moving to films, but became so poor he was living in his car when he was cast in The Man With The Golden Gun.
After the film, he performed Oscar the Grouch on Sesame Street and starred in other movies including Airplane II: The Sequel and Taxi.
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But the twice-married actor suffered chronic pain as he got older due to oversized organs putting pressure on his body. He often slept in a kneeling position so he could breathe more easily.
In September 1993 he shot himself dead in the backyard of his North Hollywood home, leaving a suicide note saying he was despondent over his deteriorating health.
Richard Kiel – Jaws in The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) and Moonraker (1979)
Jaws played by Richard Kiel in The Spy Who Loved Me
(Image: Rex Features)
While evil scientist Karl Stromberg was the main villain in The Spy Who Loved Me, he was upstaged by his towering metal-teethed henchman Jaws, who was so popular he was brought back for the next film in the franchise.
Standing at 7ft 2in tall, his extraordinary height was a result of acromegaly, a condition caused by an excess of human growth hormones. Keil appeared in many TV shows throughout the 60s and 70s, including episodes of The Man From U.N.C.L.E and The Monkees, where his statue meant the actor was almost always cast as a villain.
Roles continued after his Bond movies, but went into semi-retirement after appearing in the 2010 film Happy Gilmore, briefly returning to portray softhearted thug Vlad in animated Disney film Tangled.
His second marriage to Diane Rogers, who was 5ft 1in tall, lasted 40 years and produced four children and nine grandchildren.
Kiel, who said his conversation to Christianity helped me overcome alcoholism, died of a heart attack in September 2014, three days before his 75th birthday.
Gert Frobe – Auric Goldfinger in Goldfinger (1964)
Sean Connery as James Bond and Gert Frobe as Goldfinger
(Image: Internet Unknown)
As merciless gold smuggler Goldfinger, Gert Frobe plays Sean Connery’s Bond at golf where he wagers money against a bar of recovered Nazi gold. Frobe might have winced at this detail of the plot, as he was a member of the Nazi party from 1929 to 1937 and served in the German Army from 1944 until the end of the war.
When his dark past was revealed in 1965, the Goldfinger film was banned in Israel. But when two Jews revealed Frobe had probably saved their lives, the ban was overturned.
In a famous scene, Goldfinger directs a laser at Sean Connery’s crotch and asks: “Do you expect me to talk?” But the famous line: “No, Mr Bond, I expect you to die” was dubbed by English actor Michael Collins as Frobe’s accent was considered too German.
Frobe, who was a talented violinist, appeared in over 100 films including roles as Baron Bomburst in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and Colonel Manfred von Holstein in Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines. He was married five times and died in 1985, aged 75.
Charles Gray – Ernst Stavro Blofeld in Diamonds Are Forever (1971)
Charles Gray as Spectre founder Ernst Stavro Blofeld
(Image: Getty Images)
His aristocratic manner, silky voice, heavy jaw and piercing eyes meant Charles Gray spent much of his 40-year career cast as a icy villains and his most famous role was of course the cat-stroking Blofeld.
He was the fourth actor to play Blofeld. And eagle-eyed Bond fans might have spotted Bournemouth-born Gray playing good guy Dikko Henderson, an MI6 agent, in You Only Live Twice which was filmed four years earlier.
Gray was vocally trained at the Royal Shakespeare Company in its hey day of Richard Burton. His commanding voice was regularly used to narrate commericals. He played Sherlock’s brother Mycroft Holmes on film and on stage and was the narrator in the Rocky Horror Picture Show where he earned the nickname “no neck” because of his high-riding shirt collar.
Gray happily admitted his posh voice was not authentic: “I’m not in the least aristocratic in real life, old boy. I much prefer a pint at the local.”
He never married and died, aged 71, of throat cancer in 2000.
Putter Smith and Bruce Glover – Mr Wint and Mr Kidd in Diamonds Are Forever (1971)
Putter Smith and Bruce Glover as Mr Wint and Mr Kidd
(Image: Screen Grab)
Killer couple Mr Wint and Mr Kidd are assassins hired to take out everyone in the diamond smuggling pipeline from America to The Netherlands, and they take sadistic joy in their work. It’s also strongly suggested they are in a loving relationship.
Bruce Glover, who played Mr Wint, was a seasoned actor who spent the latter years of his career setting up acting schools across Los Angeles. His eldest son Crispin became an actor and starred as George McFly in Back to the Future. Twice-married Bruce lives in Chicago and is 88.
Putter Smith, a 6ft 7in jazz bassist, was picked to play Mr Kidd when a director Guy Hamilton saw him play in a band. With no acting experience, he was stunned to win the role. He said: “My first scene was pulling Sean Connery out of the trunk of a car and I’m standing there saying to myself, ‘MAN, that’s Sean Connery in the trunk of a car!’”
Now, 80, Putter lives in Los Angeles and has written highly respected jazz manuals.