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People vaccinated in Europe or the US will no longer need to isolate when they arrive in England from an amber country.

The rule will be introduced on 2 August. France is still exception however.

How are the rules changing?

Currently, fully vaccinated people entering the UK from an amber country can avoid isolation, as long as they were vaccinated in the UK.

From 2 August at 04:00 BST, the exemption will also apply to people arriving in England who were vaccinated in the US or most European countries.

This includes members of the EU, the European Free Trade Association and the smaller states of Andorra, Monaco and Vatican City.

Other rules will still apply: a pre-travel test and a PCR test within two days of arriving in the England.

Can I travel to an amber-list country?

The vast majority of countries are on the amber list.

Government guidance in England no longer advises against travel to these countries. Scotland and Wales continue to advise against non-essential overseas travel. Northern Ireland advises people to "avoid travelling as much as possible".

What are the rules for returning from an amber-list country?

Adults who have been fully vaccinated in the UK don't have to self-isolate for 10 days upon return from an amber country.

France is an exception however. Those returning to the UK still need to quarantine because of concerns about the Beta variant.

People coming from other amber-list countries still need to pay for a Covid test three days before returning, and a PCR test two days after arriving. They no longer need a day eight test.

They have to prove they were vaccinated at least 14 days previously, via the NHS Covid Pass, or an NHS Covid Pass letter in England, and equivalents in the rest of the UK.

Under-18s no longer have to self-isolate returning from an amber country.

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, children aged 10 and under don't have to test before travel, but do need to take one two days after arrival. Those aged four and under don't need any tests.

In Scotland, adults and children over 12 have to take tests before returning home, and on day two.

What are the rules for green list countries?

There are only a handful of destinations on the green list. Nobody has to self-isolate after visiting these countries.

These currently include Hong Kong, Malta and Madeira. A number of Caribbean destinations are on the green watchlist, which means they are at risk of moving to the amber list. These include Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Barbados and Grenada.

Returning from a green-list country, you must:

  • take a Covid-19 test before departure and have proof of a negative result
  • book a test for day two after your return (children aged four and under do not need to take these)
  • complete a passenger locator form

You only need to self-isolate on return from these countries if your day two test is positive, you develop symptoms or NHS Test & Trace says you've travelled with someone who tested positive.

What are the rules for red list countries?

Red list countries are those the UK government says present the highest Covid risk, and should not be visited "except in the most extreme of circumstances".

Dozens of countries are on the red list, including India, Pakistan, Turkey, Brazil and South Africa. If you have been in one in the last 10 days, you can only enter the UK if you are a UK or Irish national, or UK resident.

Returning from a red-list country – regardless of your vaccination status – you must:

  • take a Covid-19 test before departure and have proof of a negative result
  • complete a passenger locator form
  • self-isolate for 10 days in a government-approved quarantine hotel, which you must book and pay for in advance

Rates are:

  • 10 days (11-nights) for one adult – £1,750
  • Additional adult (or child over 11) – £650
  • Children aged five to 11 – £325

Who decides if a country is green, amber, or red?

All countries go on the amber list unless there is evidence to suggest they should be on the green or red lists.

Ministers make the decision, based on advice from the Joint Biosecurity Centre (JBC), which looks at the Covid situation in each country.

The lists are reviewed every three weeks and, if conditions deteriorate, countries can move between lists without warning.

The system is broadly the same for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

image copyrightGetty ImagesAre other countries allowing tourists?

It is your responsibility to check that all travellers in your party meet the entry rules for your destination, which can change at short notice. Some countries only allow fully vaccinated visitors, or insist on a quarantine period.

The UK Foreign Office (FCO) provides detailed country-by-country advice.

  • Your guide to Spain, Portugal and other holiday hotspots
  • What you need to know about the new EU vaccine passport
  • I want to book a foreign holiday, what are my rights?

Where can I get a Covid test for travel from?

Before returning to the UK you need to pay for a private test with high accuracy, such as a PCR or antigen test. Further tests may be required after you return.

In the UK, tests can be bought from approved providers. You can also find lists of providers in some destinations on UK government travel pages.

Failure to provide proof of a negative test before travelling to England could result in a £500 fine.