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China's internet watchdog has ordered some of the country's biggest online platforms to remove inappropriate child-related content.
Kuaishou, Tencent's messaging tool QQ, Alibaba's Taobao and Weibo have been summoned by the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC).
CAC says the platforms must "rectify" and "clean up" all illegal content and has fined them.
The announcement comes as Beijing carries out a crackdown on tech firms.
In a statement, the CAC said "the operation is focused on solving seven types of prominent online problems that endanger the physical and mental health of minors". They were:
- Children on livestreams and becoming social media influencers, promoting "money worship" and extravagance
- Pornographic and violent content
- Inappropriate cartoons that had erotic and violent content
- Forums that encourage behaviour like suicide or engaging in child porn
- Fan clubs where children were involved in fundraising activities
- "Bad social behaviour" such as cyberbullying
- Inadequate measures to combat youth internet addiction
The platforms have been given a deadline to take down content that violate the guidelines and have also been fined, though the statement did not give details on how long companies had to comply nor the size of the fines.
China's major internet firms have come under increasingly close scrutiny this year as Beijing tightens its grip on the technology industry.
Earlier this month, shares in Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing plunged after the CAC ordered online stores not to offer Didi's app, saying it illegally collected users' personal data.
In March, China's State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) said it had fined 12 companies over 10 deals that violated anti-monopoly rules.
The companies included Tencent, Baidu, Didi Chuxing, SoftBank and a ByteDance-backed firm, the SAMR said in a statement.
According to state broadcaster CCTV, President Xi Jinping has ordered regulators to step up their oversight of internet companies, crack down on monopolies and promote fair competition.
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