- Coronavirus pandemic
image captionNightclub owner David Whittall says if the night-time industry cannot open, it will require urgent financial support from the government
The government has announced that the final stage of easing lockdown restrictions in England is to be delayed until 19 July.
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the extra four weeks will enable more people to have received both coronavirus vaccine jabs.
Crucially, the limit on wedding guest numbers will be removed. But all hospitality venues will still have to adhere to existing social distancing rules, including capacity limits, and nightclubs must remain closed.
Hospitality, wedding and night-time entertainment firms tell the BBC how they feel about the continuation in Covid lockdown restrictions in England.
'We've got bills that need paying now'
David Whittall runs the nightclub and live music venue Suki10c in Digbeth, Birmingham.
He's been closed since March last year and had a full diary of events planned over the next few weeks, which he'll now have to cancel, losing thousands of pounds in revenue.
- Lockdown easing in England delayed to 19 July
- Easing delay to have 'critical impact' on business
"We were funded up until the end of June so now with this new delay, we don't have any money to pay the bills from the end of June," Mr Whittall says.
"The sold-out events that we had booked in – that's what was going to get us through because we would have made revenue, we would have had profit, we would have been able to pay our bills. Now we don't have anything."
He stresses that the government needs to announce financial support, but it cannot be along the same lines as the Culture Recovery Fund, "because it takes too long to get the money".
image copyrightAdmiral Tavernsimage captionAdmiral Taverns boss Chris Jowsey says the pub industry is frustrated and the carefully laid plans made by his licensee pubs "have been wasted"
Chris Jowsey is the chief executive of community pub firm Admiral Taverns, which has more than 1,000 pubs across the UK.
"For many licensees, the situation is desperate because Covid restrictions are massively hindering pubs from trading profitably – if the regulations have to continue then we need the government to step in and offer extra support to the hospitality industry," he says.
"Licensees are losing money because they are having to hire extra staff members to cope with restrictions like table service and social distancing."
The British Beer and Pub Association has warned that four additional weeks of restrictions will cost pubs £400m. It says pubs must be allowed to "open properly" on 19 July.
Mr Whittall says he is surprised the prime minister didn't announce any additional financial support: "We've got bills that need paying now…I'm not sure what we're supposed to do now."
A spokesman for the Treasury said: "We are committed to helping businesses and individuals through the pandemic and deliberately went long with our support to provide certainty over the coming months.
"The furlough scheme and support for the self-employed is in place until September and eligible businesses will continue to benefit from business rates relief of 75% over the year, VAT cuts and the Recovery Loan Scheme."
Pleased – but still worried image copyrightSauveurimage captionEvent and wedding planning studio founder Matthew Shaw is concerned about how his industry and suppliers will cope with continued restrictions
Wedding venues and planners have told the BBC that the government's announcement about unlimited guest numbers being permitted has provided some relief, but they are still deeply worried about the future of their industry.
Matthew Shaw, founder and creative director at Sauveur, a creative events and luxury wedding planning studio in London, has already been on the phone to his clients, who are confused about what they are allowed to do at their weddings.
Many are upset about the fact they cannot have a dance floor indoors and they want to cancel the bands they have booked, Matthew says, which puts pressure on the suppliers Sauveur works with.
"Dance floors and drink receptions are the things people want," he tells the BBC. "It's great to have a meal, to be with people, but when you take away the key elements of what make a wedding special… People don't want to spend the money on it anymore."
Earlier this year, his marquee supplier went under. That means he will have to try to forge relationships with new suppliers, while hoping the existing ones are still coping and are resilient when clients pull the plug or decide to postpone their events.
image copyrightPaul Cooperimage captionSarah Callander Beckett, owner of wedding venue Combermere Abbey in Cheshire, says it could be difficult if couples all want to defer their weddings again
Mr Shaw says that the last year has taken a toll on his mental health and that of his staff, clients and suppliers: "I've spent sleepless nights wondering whether events will still be able to run, and whether we will still be able to get new clients, after watching new and existing clients drop away."
Sarah Callander Beckett, owner of wedding venue Combermere Abbey in Cheshire, agrees with Mr Shaw.
They say some clients might prefer to defer their weddings again. But this creates an additional headache as the calendar for the rest of this year and into next year is already pretty packed for many businesses in the industry.
"These are some difficult decisions we'll have to facilitate as a business in the next few days managing expectations and emotions," Ms Beckett says. "Ideally what we want to see is also the return of dancing and mingling amongst guests."
'We're in serious trouble'
Keith Marsden is the landlord of the Prince of Wales pub in Moseley, Birmingham.
image captionPrince of Wales pub landlord Keith Marsden says the pub industry cannot continue to survive at only a third of its capacity
He says that social distancing has proved a significant challenge and a continuation of restrictions will deeply impact his bottom line.
Mr Marsden recently had his worst day of trading since he started the business, with takings of just £96.
"With social distancing whether you're inside or outside, you just cannot get the capacity," he says. "We're operating at about one-third of our capacity, so we just cannot do the numbers to make a profit."
He says that people have fallen out of the habit of going to the pub: "We're hanging in there but we're in serious trouble.
"It really will be the final nail in the coffin for many."
He's also worried about the financial challenges ahead, and the debt that he and others in the industry have built up.
"If you come in here on a busy weekend you think, oh yeah they're doing quite nicely, but beneath the surface there's lots of problems lurking," says Mr Marsden.
"People haven't aggressively chased debt, landlords have let people off with rent, business rates holidays, things like that. They're now coming to the surface."
'It's devastating for the festival sector'image copyrightGetty Imagesimage captionCaterers for the festival and events industry say the delays in relaxing Covid restrictions is "devastating" for the sector
The Nationwide Caterers Association (NCASS), which represents caterers in the festival and events sectors and mobile and street food businesses, is also calling on the government to provide immediate financial support.
"Festival caterers will still not be able to work after already losing the 2020 season – it is devastating for the sector as a whole," the industry body's director Mark Laurie says.
"There are ten of thousands of businesses involved in the festival industry who are going to suffer huge losses."
Latest research from LIVE, the trade body for the UK live events sector, suggests the industry faces losses of more than £500m as at least 5,000 shows will be cancelled.
"Any delay to the 21 June reopening date will have significant and immediate repercussions, including 248 grassroots music venues that would face an immediate threat of eviction without a comprehensive response from the government that fully addresses their financial losses from delayed reopening," the trade body has warned.
Mr Laurie says that caterers have had "little to no help" from the government or local authorities: "The Additional Restrictions Grants (ARG) for those without fixed premises won't work to support theses businesses and so that must be addressed.
"NCASS is calling on the government to publish the results of the Events Research Programme, to provide immediate financial support to affected businesses and provide a clear way forward."
It is a terrible three way balancing act – a race not just between the vaccine and the variant, but also viability of thousands of businesses. A cost-benefit analysis without many benefits.
The signalling of 21 June as "freedom day" was meant to give businesses long-term confidence to plan staffing, stocking and reversing the mothballing of their hospitality venues. Indoor venues will incur substantial losses over the next month.
The message from the government is that the support package they put in place at the Budget already accounted for this eventuality.
The furlough scheme has begun a slow phase-out, whereas in many other similar countries, employer contributions are already required, or the schemes have ended.
Ministers also point at the strength of the economic bounce-back and record hiring and vacancy statistics. But that will come as little comfort to industries now shut for 15 months, such as nightclubs.
Local authorities have yet to allocate £1bn, about half of the discretionary fund.
The idea picture, as the prime minister put it, is that they will not be rolling back any of the currently implemented roadmap.
As we know, the impact on the economy comes not just from mandatory lockdowns, but from voluntary social distancing as consumers stay away from crowded places if they feel the virus is out of control.
On two crucial occasions last March and last Autumn, the government chose to prioritise economic reopening, with consequences for the scale of the outbreak that followed, which in turn definitively failed to be of any benefit to the economy.
This time it appears they are learning a lesson from recent history, and proceeding cautiously.
The calculation is that the immediate extra economic pain, will be outweighed by fewer deaths and a confident irreversible reopening in a month's time.