His death had been reported a number of times before (Image: AFP/Getty Images)

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The brutal head of deadly terrorist group Boko Haram has died after blowing himself up during a chase, it has been reported.

The Islamic State West African Province (ISWAP) militant group said in an audio recording heard by Reuters on Sunday that Abubakar Shekau was dead.

The leader of rival Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram was said to have been killed around May 18.

He detonated an explosive device after being chased by ISWAP fighters in a battle, someone purporting to be the group's leader Abu Musab al-Barnawi said on the audio recording.

"Abubakar Shekau, God has judged him by sending him to heaven," he can be heard saying.

Two people familiar with al-Barnawi told the news agency the voice on the recording was that of the ISWAP leader.

Boko Haram has killed tens of thousands of people
(Image: AFP/Getty Images)

A Nigerian intelligence report shared by a government official and Boko Haram researchers have also said Shekau is dead.

Boko Haram's leader was reported to have been killed on several occasions over the last 12 years, including in announcements by the military, only to later appear in a video post.

In the audio recording, the man identified as al-Barnawi said his fighters had sought out the warlord on the orders of the Islamic State leadership, and battled Boko Haram insurgents until Shekau fled.

ISWAP chased him down and offered him the chance to repent and join them, he said.

"Shekau preferred to be humiliated in the afterlife than getting humiliated on earth, and he killed himself instantly by detonating an explosive," he said.

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Boko Haram gained worldwide notoriety after a 2014 kidnapping of more than 270 schoolgirls from the town of Chibok, sparking a global campaign for their return dubbed #BringBackOurGirls, backed by the likes of Michelle Obama.

About 100 of the Chibok Girls are still missing, and some are thought to have died in captivity.

Shekau led the transformation of Boko Haram from an underground Islamic sect in 2009 to a fully-fledged insurgency, killing, kidnapping and looting its way across northeast Nigeria.

The group has killed more than 30,000 people, forced around 2 million people to flee their homes and spawned one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.

ISWAP was previously part of Boko Haram before its split five years ago, pledging allegiance to Islamic State.

The schism was caused by religious ideological disagreements over the killing of civilians by Boko Haram, to which ISWAP objected.

The audio statement, first obtained by local media is ISWAP's first confirmation that its arch rival in the Lake Chad region has been killed.